August 13, 2022

Buspar (Buspirone): Side Effects, Dosage, Uses

Buspar is a discontinued brand version of the drug buspirone, which treats anxiety. Although Buspar is no longer available on the market, people can instead take the generic form, which is chemically identical. A person should only take buspirone as directed by their doctor because it can have side effects.

Buspirone can help people with anxiety feel more relaxed, think more clearly, and worry less. The drug may also help relieve feelings of irritability and other anxiety-related symptoms, such as rapid heartbeat, sweating, and difficulty sleeping.

the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Buspar for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in 1986. A doctor can diagnose a person with GAD if they experience excessive anxiety and worry most days for a period of at least 6 months.

Although Buspar is no longer available, the FDA confirmed that its withdrawal from the market was not due to safety or efficacy concerns.

In this article, we provide more information about buspirone, including how to take it, common side effects, and whether it can make anxiety worse.

Buspirone belongs to a class of medications called anxiolyticsor anxiolytics. Doctors prescribe it for the short-term treatment of the symptoms of anxiety disorders or the disorders themselves.

Buspirone works by changing the amounts of certain natural substances in the brain. It is not an antidepressant, but older search suggests that it may enhance the action of antidepressant drugs.

The drug is unrelated to other anti-anxiety drugs, such as barbiturates or benzodiazepines.

People take buspirone by mouth, usually in pill form, and they will usually need to take it twice a day. Although a person can take the medicine with or without food, they must be consistent from dose to dose and take it the same way each time.

It is important to take buspirone according to the instructions on the label and as directed by a doctor. A person should not take buspirone more or less often than their prescription states.

A doctor can start a person on a low dose of buspirone and gradually increase it. He can take Several weeks to determine the most effective dosage for a person.

the National Alliance on Mental Illness notes that a person should not operate heavy machinery or drive a vehicle until they know how the drug affects them, as this may cause dizziness or fatigue. They should also avoid alcohol consumption, which can increase these symptoms.

He can take 3–4 weeks before a person begins to feel the benefits of buspirone, so they should not stop taking the drug without talking to their doctor first.

If a person forgets a dose, they should take it as soon as they remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, they should skip the missed dose and continue with their usual schedule. A person should not double the dose to make up for a missed tablet.

Buspirone can cause several side effects. A person should speak to their doctor if symptoms do not go away or are severe. Side effects may include:

  • headache
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • confusion
  • diarrhea
  • tired
  • nervousness
  • weakness
  • increased sweating
  • difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  • excitation
  • feelings of anger or hostility
  • stunning
  • numbness

Some side effects can be serious and sometimes concerning. A person should speak with their doctor if they experience:

  • swelling of the mouth, throat, lips, tongue, or eyes
  • a skin rash
  • itch
  • a fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Blurred vision
  • uncontrollable shaking
  • urticaria
  • restlessness
  • fever
  • severe muscle stiffness or muscle twitching
  • hallucinations
  • loss of coordination
  • vomiting

A person must take buspirone continuously for Several weeks for it to be fully effective.

If a person misses doses or suddenly stops taking the medicine without consulting a doctor, they may feel more anxious.

There are no known problems associated with long-term use of buspirone, and doctors consider it a safe and effective drug when a person uses it as prescribed.

A person should seek immediate medical attention if they or anyone else has taken an overdose of buspirone.

It is also essential to call 911 immediately if a person:

  • collapsed
  • has trouble breathing
  • had a seizure
  • does not respond to attempts to wake them up

If someone has chest pain, changes in blood pressure, fainting, or muscle cramps, they should see a doctor as soon as possible. A person should also contact their doctor if they experience severe or persistent side effects or notice symptoms of an allergic reaction. These symptoms may include swelling of the face or throat.

People are advised to discuss all other medications they are taking with their doctor, as some medications, such as monoamine oxidase inhibitors, may interact with buspirone.

People should also consult a doctor before taking buspirone while pregnant or breastfeeding, as the medicine may pose potential risks to them or the baby.

Buspar is a discontinued brand version of buspirone, an anti-anxiety drug that treats anxiety disorders.

A person may need to take buspirone for 3 to 4 weeks before feeling any benefit. They should not stop taking the drug without consulting a professional.

Common side effects of the drug include headache, fatigue, dizziness, and nausea. Serious side effects may include skin rash, hallucinations, uncontrollable shaking, and swelling around the mouth, throat, or eyes.

A person should contact a doctor if they have a buspirone overdose or have serious or persistent side effects or an allergic reaction.

Buspirone does not usually make anxiety worse, but missing doses or stopping the drug suddenly can have unwanted effects.

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